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Special Dental Services in Columbia, South Carolina

Sedation Dentistry

Many people have anxiety when it comes to going to the dentist. Unfortunately for some, their fear can prevent them from getting the care they need. Thankfully, with sedation dentistry, Dr. Riley is able to help patients complete treatments – no matter how simple or complex – comfortably and without stress. If you have dental anxiety, and are interested in sedation dentistry, we can help you.
If oral conscious sedation is the right option for you, you will be given a pill that is taken prior to your treatment as directed. The pill can cause drowsiness, so you will need someone to drive you to and from your appointment. Once you arrive, you will start to feel a deep relaxation, and Dr. Riley will be able to begin treatment. During the procedure, you will be conscious and able to communicate with our dental team; however, you will feel so relaxed that you should not feel any discomfort – in fact, you may not even remember the procedure taking place after it’s finished. A member of our staff will be monitoring you during the entire treatment to ensure everything is running smoothing.

Laser Dentistry

Coming soon.

Periodontal (Gum Disease)

What Is Gum Disease?
Gum disease is an infection of the tissues that surround and support your teeth. It is a major cause of tooth loss in adults. Because gum disease is usually painless, you may not know you have it. Also referred to as periodontal disease, gum disease is caused by plaque, the sticky film of bacteria that is constantly forming on our teeth.
Warning Signs of Gum Disease
  • Gums that bleed easily
  • Red, swollen, tender gums
  • Gums that have pulled away from the teeth
  • Persistent bad breath or bad taste
  • Permanent teeth that are loose or separating
  • Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
  • Any change in the fit of partial dentures
How We Treat Periodontal Disease: SMT (Soft Tissue Management)
Our dentists and hygienists are interested in designing soft-tissue management program for our patients with periodontal disease. We feel that a cleaning visit twice a year is not sufficient for optimal oral hygiene care. Recognizing and diagnosing periodontal disease is a vital aspect of total treatment that is of great importance to patient health. Soft Tissue Management is an individualized plan to eliminate active infection of the gums and root surfaces of teeth caused by bacterial plaque.
New patients are screened for periodontal disease and are grade on a four-stage tier from type 1 (gingivitis), type 2 (early periodontitis), type 3 (moderate perodontitis) and type 4 (periodontitis). Often patients may be confused with what may be a cleaning and what is root planning, which is performed in a soft tissue management procedure.
The treatment a patient receives during a soft tissue, periomaintenance appointment is radically different from the prophy experience, and patients should be able to tell the difference! The maintenance appointment will record probing depths, as well as removal of bacteria from pockets

Cancer Screening – VELscope

Columbia Dentistry combines state of the art dentistry with personal patient care. Digital radiography provides clear, immediate X-rays with 90% less exposure to radiation. Our use of VELscope Vx helps us identify oral disease early, while it’s still easy to treat. VELscopes blue light stimulates natural fluorescence in the soft tissues of your mouth. Natural fluorescence seen through the VELscope Vx allows us to see oral disease not visible under ordinary light and to the naked eye. VELscope Vx offers hope for the early discovery of oral disease, including precancer and cancer complications.

Platelet-Rich Plasma

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is made from a small sample of your own blood (approx. 1.5 oz.). The process concentrates the platelets found in the blood sample. Theses concentrated platelets contain huge reservoirs of growth factors. Growth factors are natural components of your body. Clinical data has shown that growth factors may enhance and accelerate your body’s normal healing process.
Potential benefits of PRP include: reduced bleeding, diminished pain levels, reduced infection rates, enhanced wound closure, accelerated tissue regenerated, and reduction of overall healing times. The use of PRP is a safe, clinically accepted procedure now readily accessible to all segments of the medical profession.
How could PRP be used for my treatment?
The use of PRP varies from procedure to procedure. PRP is generally applied topically to the repair site. It is often applied to bone and soft tissue repair sites to accelerate tissue regeneration. Clinical studies have shown that application of PRP can help reduce bleeding, minimize pain, reduce infection rates, and optimize overall healing.
Why is Harvest PRP preferred over other products or methods?
Harvest PRP delivers the optimal concentration of platelets to promote accelerated healing. Harvest PRP contains elevated levels of all your naturally occurring growth factors; these growth factors are maintained in precisely the same ratios found circulating in your body. Many other products simply don’t deliver platelets and growth factors at high enough concentrations. Although synthetic products are available, these products typically contain only a single growth factor.
Is PRP safe?
Yes. PRP has been used clinically for over a decade. Leading clinicians on specialties such as Dental, Orthopedics and Reconstructive Surgery routinely use PRP to deliver a cocktail of natural, bioactive growth factors. PRP is derived from a small quantity of your own blood drawn at the time of treatment. Because PRP is made from your blood, it is insulated against the risk of disease transmission and inflammatory immune responses. PRP is made point-of-care at the time of treatment and under physician’s control.
How is PRP made?
Preparation of PRP is a simple procedure that can be performed in an office or outpatient setting. The clinician draws a small volume of your blood at the time of treatment. The blood is placed in a specialized centrifuge that spins and automatically separates the red blood cells from the plasma. The plasma is then further centrifuged to concentrate the autologous platelets and hence your natural growth factors. The PRP is then available for clinician to use as needed. The entire process takes less than 15 minutes and adds no extra time to the procedure.
What is platelet-rich plasma?
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a concentrated sample of your own blood composed primarily of high level of platelets. Platelets are a critical component of the wound healing process. Importantly, platelets contain growth factors that are responsible for stimulating tissue generation and repair. Harvest PRP delivers a concentration of platelets and growth factors that is roughly four to six times greater than that found in whole blood.
What are growth factors?
Growth factors are necessary to initiate tissue repair and regeneration at the wound site. Growth factors derived from platelets are responsible for soft tissue repair, bone regeneration, development of new blood vessels and stimulation of the wound healing process. The highly concentrated level of growth factors found in Harvest PRP may optimize conditions for healing.
Am I a candidate for PRP?
The use of PRP is considered by many to be a new age application of regenerative therapy. Since clinical studies have shown that PRP can be used in many types of procedures for a wide range of patients. At Columbia Dentistry we specialize in cosmetic dentistry, therefore we offer PRP for facial rejuvenation treatment, to enhance facial wrinkle, shape and volume and to treat the scalp for hair loss prevention.

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